All employees of Masaryk University sign an employment contract for their concrete position or tasks. From a practical point of view, it is convenient to distinguish between short-term stays, when a temporary employment contract (Czech abbreviation: DPP or DPČ) is utilized, and long-term stays, when a long-term employment contract is utilized.
For EU citizens, the length of the contract is irrelevant, since they do not require a visa or residence permit for their stay.
For non-EU citizens, the length of the contract often determines the type of visa or residence permit.
Any change in the contract (concerning the work hours, etc.) is up to the mutual agreement and must be agreed on by the employee and the employer.
The University will do the following for all long-term employed teachers/researchers
- Notify the regional Employment Office (Úřad práce) of the teacher/researcher’s employment
- Register the teacher/researcher with the regional office of the Social Security Administration (Městská správa sociálního zabezpečení)
- Register the teacher/researcher with a health insurance provider (zdravotní pojišťovna)
- Inform the Revenue Office (Finanční úřad) by means of a report (to be submitted once a year, for which a copy of the foreign employee's travel document is necessary)
The Employment Act (Act No. 435/2004 Coll.) regulates the provision of the state’s employment policy, the goal of which is to attain full employment rate and protection against unemployment, fair treatment and ban on discrimination in the course of persons asserting their right to employment, the activities performed by labour offices and their powers, the assessment of natural persons’ health condition and healthcare providers’ cooperation with the assessment of their health condition, the right to employment.
The Labour Code is closely linked to the Act Stipulating Further Requirements for Health and Safety at Work (Act No. 309/2006 Coll.), which regulates further requirements concerning occupational health and safety in labour law relations as well as the provision for the protection of health and safety at work or the provision of services outside labour law relations.
The Labour Inspection Act (Act No. 251/2005 Coll.) regulates the establishment and position of labour inspection authorities as supervisory authorities in the area of protection of labour relations and working conditions, the powers and competences of the labour inspection authorities as well as the rights and duties applying to the inspection and sanctions in the event of violating the required duties.
The Sickness Insurance Act (Act No. 187/2006 Coll.) regulates the sickness insurance covering temporary inability to work, ordered quarantines, pregnancy and maternity, providing medical care to or taking care of a family member, the organisation and implementation of the insurance. The implementation of the insurance also refers to the health condition examination for the purpose of the insurance.
The Social Security Act (Act No. 100/1988 Coll.) guarantees all citizens’ right to social security. The social security allowances are provided by the state and are not subjected to taxation. The right to social security allowances does not expire by elapsing of time.