Fighting and voting : Mapping electoral violence in the region of post-Communist Europe



Rok publikování 2018
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Terrorism and Political Violence
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sociálních studií

Obor Politologie a politické vědy
Klíčová slova autocracy; democracy; election; electoral violence; transformation
Přiložené soubory
Popis Electoral disputes accompanied by violent outbreaks have become an emerging problem in societies under transformation, in authoritarian regimes, as well as in young democracies. The truth is that many politicians elected to office, their supporters, and political activists have altered their perceptions of electoral competition in a form of zero-sum logic with direct consequences for their opponents. After the fall of communism at beginning of the 1990s, Central and Eastern Europe stood at a crossroads. This period of imbalance and uncertainty affected the violent interaction in newly reformed electoral arenas with serious consequences for legitimizing democratic change. Despite the well documented tension that existed in the region, the importance of violence in the electoral arena is rather neglected. The paper approaches this gap as the first attempt to map electoral violence in a new typological environment where the process of transformation affected political pluralism and the patterns of political contest. It argues that electoral violence is not a rare phenomenon in the region of Post-communist Europe and the dynamic varies on a great scale. Moreover, the paper presents a picture of electoral violence occurring in different settings with potentially different contextual preconditions that need to be studied separately.
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