Studying Leaders and Elites : The Personal Biography Approach

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KRCMARIC Daniel NELSON Stephen C. ROBERTS Andrew Lawrence

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Annual Review of Political Science
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sociálních studií

www article - open access
Klíčová slova leaders; elites; biography; education; military; occupation; gender; race; ethnicity
Přiložené soubory
Popis The last two decades have seen a revival in work that takes the role of individual leaders and elites seriously. This article surveys new research that explores how biographical factors influence their behavior. We call this literature the personal biography approach to political leadership. Our survey first lays out four mechanisms through which biographical characteristics might affect leader behavior. We then discuss the main findings, grouping them according to socializing experiences (e.g., education, military service, and prior occupation) and ascriptive traits (e.g., gender, race, and ethnicity). We also consider the methodological problems, especially endogeneity and selection effects, that pose challenges to this style of research. We conclude with an assessment of gaps in the literature and provide suggestions for future work in the biographical vein.
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