Social Origin Is No Destiny : Background, Institutionalization, and Electoral Performance of New Political Parties in Slovakia

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RYBÁŘ Marek SPÁČ Peter

Rok publikování 2020
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj East European Politics and Societies : and Cultures
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Fakulta sociálních studií

Klíčová slova political entrepreneur parties; socially rooted parties; party institutionalization; Slovakia; elections
Přiložené soubory
Popis The existing research suggests that socially rooted new political parties are more likely to be reelected to parliaments than parties emerging without links to preexisting social groups. It is argued that the two groups face different prospects of institutionalization: Rooted parties are more viable because their links to preexisting societal groups contribute to a higher sustainability of their electoral support and stronger institutionalization. We assess the link between the origin of parties, their level of institutionalization, and their electoral performance in the context of Slovakia, a new Eastern European democracy. We add to the existing state of knowledge in three ways. First, we empirically assess the link between the social origin of parties and their level of institutionalization. We also provide rich empirical material on the intraparty processes resulting in various levels of institutionalization. Subsequently, we assess whether rooted parties record better electoral performance than political entrepreneur parties. Second, we provide some illustration of the fact that agential factors, especially the decisions and activities related to leadership contestation, directly impact both party institutionalization and electoral performance. Third, we show that developing the links to a sociostructurally well-defined electorate may be a viable strategy to secure a parliamentary relevance for a prolonged period of time for some political entrepreneurs. Our findings suggest that parties with different levels of institutionalization are able to secure reelection, and that their electoral performance is not directly linked to their social origins.
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